boom supersonic composites

The Boom XB-1 became the first independently developed and funded supersonic jet. New Video: Hot Mold, Cold Resin: Vacuum Infusion Flow Test, Basic Numbers and Calculations for Composites, Introduction to Cored Composite Structures, Composites Details: Edges, Holes and Joints, How to Choose a Vacuum Pump for Composites, Vacuum Stuff: Hoses, Fittings and Accessories, Carbide and Diamond Cutters for Composite Machining, Fixturing with 5 Minute Epoxy and “Cradles”, Long-fiber Composites 3D Printing in 2019, Festool Power Tools: For When the Dust is Super Gross, Dinghy Bunk Plugs with Sprayable Tooling Paste, An Inside Look at the Build of Boom’s Supersonic Demonstrator. They expand at a rate more closely matching that of titanium, which is also a key material in XB-1. XB-1 is slated to fly for the first time in 2021 and will … N/A due to the lack of information pulled from technical sheets, and an assumption is made that the tensile strength is equivalent. XB-1 up-close. Collins Aerospace Systems (Cedar Rapids, Iowa, U.S.) a unit of Raytheon Technologies (RTX), has signed a collaboration agreement with Boom Supersonic (Denver, Colo., U.S.), to advance nacelle technology on Boom's forthcoming flagship supersonic airliner, Overture. XB-1 is powered by three General Electric J85-15 engines, adapted by Boom for Mach-2.2 operation. Applied Composites + Boom Supersonic. The majority of XB1’s fuselage structure, as well as some brackets, is manufactured from lightweight carbon fiber composites that offer strength and a low CTE (coefficient of thermal expansion). Boom will roll out the first completed Overture aircraft in 2025, with entry into service planned for 2029. Boom Supersonic - 12876 E Adam Aircraft Cir,, Englewood, CO 80112 - Rated 4.9 based on 19 Reviews "Boom = Innovation. Boom Supersonic XB-1 Specs. The company acknowledges XB-1 as the end product of years of … XB-1 is the demonstrator airplane for Overture and a critical step toward mainstream supersonic travel. Sonic boom represents an additional noise source that we, as a supersonic manufacturer, have to address — and thanks to modern aerospace composites, we have more freedom in shaping the aircraft optimally for sonic-boom reduction. We take our criteria, normalize the data, add a weighting system based on importance, and rank the fibers on a scale from 1 to 5, with 5 being the best and 1 being the worst, then multiply the 1 to 5 number by the weight to create the ending values. Engines Today, we have vastly improved turbofan engines, which can produce enough thrust for supersonic flight while also being … Like any fledgling start-up, we must consider if the composites we’re choosing are even viable with the budget we’re working on. Figure 4: Decision matrix with non-weight and weighted choices. The Denver, CO, US-based aerospace industry startup is one of several groups pursuing … Composites use epoxies which have a glass transition temperature (Tg) beyond which a severe degradation in strength is observed. Then results are in! Be safe! Therefore, we’re looking for composites that satisfy a base calculated tension and compressive force of 700N from previous hand calculations for a wing spanwise stress. Metals lose their strength at higher temperatures as diffusion starts to occur and dislocations are able to move more freely. Boom's mission is to make the world dramatically more accessible by making supersonic travel mainstream. Making the vision a reality. 4 min read. The airplane skin component features a copper mesh lining for lightning protection. Among the epoxies we are considering using, the lowest Tg is 120०C, clearly well above the temperatures expected for both phase 1 and phase 2. Cheap, lightweight, or strong. Unidirectional means the fibers are all woven in one direction, while plain, twill, and triaxial dictate varying angles and spacing when woven together. Applied Composites is proud to be a key enabler for the next generation of innovative aircraft. Considerations have been made for the addition of a core, and for the next article, will be talked about in length. articles, videos, photos: Copyright 2020 Chris Rogers. XB-1 is a milestone on the way to Overture, Boom’s supersonic commercial jet. What is the Boom Overture? Hours spent researching the best material, and you’re stuck on the options that either hurt your wallet to even look at the numbers, or turn your aircraft into a flying brick with the mass of an elephant. XB-1 is the world’s first independently developed supersonic jet and, according to Boom Supersonic, will demonstrate key technologies for Overture, Boom’s commercial airliner, such as carbon fiber composite construction, computer-optimized high-efficiency aerodynamics and an efficient supersonic propulsion system. Next, let’s move on to the costs! The Concorde, the first supersonic aircraft offering passenger service, transported people from the eastern seaboard of the U.S. to Paris and London in half the time of standard commercial airlines. In addition to supplementing both options with a core, we’ve officially un-stuck ourselves from our many choices. Boom says that supersonic passenger flight can be achieved with existing technology, building on recent developments such as composite fuselage … From there, each fiber has an associated weave. While […] (CNN) — Over 50 years after Concorde first took to the skies, a brand new supersonic jet is preparing for lift off. Some of this stuff can be dangerous and the warning “don’t try this at home” applies. “Boom has come a long way. Please do not copy without permission. A lightweight aircraft will require less energy to get up to the required altitude. As the aircraft flies, due to compressibility effects (at high speeds) and skin friction, the temperature of the skin rises. However, the engines for Overture have not been selected. Associate Editor, CompositesWorld. Given we’re running (well, flying) at high speeds, there are varying loading conditions acting on all regions of the aircraft; such as shear, compressive, and tensile forces. Our decision is no longer plagued by 20 different choices, but now we’re stuck with 2 close scores and that’s not a bad thing. The table below shows the values obtained from a simple calculator. Figure 2: Physical properties of various industry standard composites. 12K = 12000 filaments per tow. You can only pick two, so make your decision wisely. Each fiber has a tow size (the number followed by a K),  which represents the number of individual carbon filaments in the tow – i.e. Boom Supersonic XB-1 Build. From what I can see it looks like a slightly fussier version of the race-boat building world that I am familiar with – lots of manual laminating, fitting, prepping and bonding! Boom Supersonic is building a demonstrator aircraft for their planned supersonic passenger jet – and they’re posting lots of interesting information, video and pictures of the process. The data was formatted to show no decimals for readability, along with adding a weighted system to ensure we picked the right material for the job. To shorten this list, let’s go with the aerospace industry’s choices of carbon fiber reinforced composites and fiberglass composites. Given our speeds, we don’t have a high enough temperature to warrant a high weight percentage, and this applies to the rest of the physical properties. According to Boom during rollout on Oct. 7, 2020, the composite-intensive Overture will be the world's fastest airliner and … Blake Scholl, Founder and CEO, "estimates that flights on Overture will be available in 2030." Based on our chart, the fiberglass wins then is followed by the 12K triaxial carbon fiber. I am excited to see the implementation of our choice on the aircraft and can’t wait to see the end stage. But in 2003, after 27 years of trans-Atlantic flights, the aircraft was shuttered because of steep operating costs, inefficient fuel consumption and environmental concerns. Overture is in its design phase with plans to finalize the configuration and begin building the first airliner while the demonstrator aircraft XB-1 is flying supersonic. In addition, a core, depending on the material and the structure type (honeycomb, foam, or wood), will provide greater resistance to compression and crush. Boom Supersonic, the aerospace company building the world’s fastest airliner, today unveils its supersonic demonstrator, XB-1, history’s first independently developed supersonic jet. As part of the Project Boom’s Structures team, specifically the Materials and Manufacturing subteam, it is our responsibility to figure out the proper criteria for a supersonic aircraft to be successful at hitting supersonic speeds, safely and non-destructively. An example using 1K plain weave carbon fiber and a core of HDPE is loaded in with inputs on the left and the outputs on the right side of the calculator. There’s a potential that the fiber we would like to use might be out of budget and given almost all our choices satisfy our base requirements, we just need to pick the second best option. The initial model would be the Boom Technology XB-1 "Baby Boom" Supersonic Demonstrator 1/3-size prototype. To not bog down the reader with multiple calculations, I included a simple calculator here! Boom Supersonic is leveraging advanced technologies – such as CFD, composites and additive manufacturing – to create new era of supersonic commercial flight. Boom Technology has a vision: make commercial supersonic flight available to everyone, at a reasonable cost. The outer coat offers a number of safety advantages, including physical damage protection, UV rays, and epoxy breakdown, and a visual tool for leak detection. Written by Project Boom Editor on October 8, 2020. We use cookies and other technologies (including Google Analytics) to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. A relatively high Young’s modulus would ensure the composite remains stiff, resisting bending and stretching. Unidirectional weaves would be best for uniaxial forces, or forces along the same axis. First things first, what do we need to look for in an aircraft? Check out the Boom XB-1 section of their website. The decision can’t be taken lightly; one wrong move and you’re the reason why 60% of the budget went into materials, or you’re the reason why the team has to make a new aircraft every year. A way to estimate the temperatures that can be reached is to look at the stagnation temperature of the air, which in simple terms converts the kinetic energy of the air into equivalent heat (supported by the reversibility principle of motion). You’re stuck. The year started well for Boom Supersonic, a Colorado-based firm that has been building its Overture supersonic airliner since 2014. Boom’s mission is to make the world dramatically more accessible by making supersonic travel mainstream. When will supersonic flights start? In comparison, cost and weight are the most important criteria for us. This site contains information that reflects the opinions of individual authors – mostly me, Chris. If you see any mistakes or disagree with anything here I would love to have a chance to learn from you – please let me know! A higher tow size would have the individual threads closer together, while a lower tow size has increased spacing. The direction of the weave also dictates the optimal forces each weave can take. Boom Supersonic is redefining commercial flight by bringing supersonic flight back to the skies with Overture. And since we’re a “simple” RC aircraft (with a complex goal), composites lead the way for the primary material of choice. You don’t get to see inside the construction of a composites-intensive supersonic jet very often! It will be fun so watch them finish the build and move on to testing and flying! A high strength-to-weight ratio is critical to obtaining a lightweight aircraft without foregoing strength. The materials and technology are coming together in a way that’s innovating the industry. To do this, we need to rank the fibers on a Decision, or Pugh, matrix. Boom Supersonic is building a faster future. Leaders of Boom’s Flight Test team share a tour of the avionics lab and talk the rigors of first flight preparations. Hence the material choice also limits the maximum speed an aircraft can operate at. The composite structure is made by Blue Force, while the carbon fiber material is provided by Tencate. Boom Supersonic’s XB-1 is a one-third-scale demonstrator for the Overture, a follow-on 75-seat airliner it aims to introduce into commercial service later this decade. However, before we do that, we need to calculate the weight each of these composites add. This is why the speed of the Concorde was limited to Mach 2. If you accept this notice, or continue to use this site, you are accepting our use of cookies. Boom is building a supersonic airliner capable of carrying 55 premium passengers at Mach 2.2 (2,335 km/hour or 1,451 miles/hour), more than twice as fast as current passenger airplanes at the same cost as today’s business class fares. Autoclaved Aerated Concrete for High Temperature Tooling? Our supersonic airliner will make the world dramatically more accessible—-at today's business-class fares. Boom Supersonic is building a faster future. Boom Supersonic (Denver, Colo., U.S.) plans to roll out XB-1, its two-seat supersonic demonstrator aircraft, in December 2019, with supersonic flight planned for 2020, the company announced at a press conference held at the Paris Air Show on June 18. Project Boom Inc.                          Tulsa, Oklahoma. Given we’re a developing team, the fiberglass option would allow us to create our prototype aircraft and test flight capabilities before moving on to the more expensive, but lightweight option of the 12K triaxial weave carbon fiber. April 19, 2020. The composites also expand and contract much less than metal under supersonic conditions, allowing Overture to fly at higher speeds. I would love to see this happen, I just question whether a market still exists for a supersonic aircraft. Explore Composites! Thanks to … To design and build XB-1, Boom recruited a team of experts from around the industry, forged relationships with key suppliers, and built a strong safety culture. Our supersonic airliner will make the world dramatically more accessible—-at today's business-class fares. XB-1 will roll out on October 7, 2020 and begin flight tests in 2021. Unlike other projects to develop a new supersonic aircraft, only Boom Aerospace is focusing on large passenger numbers and not private jets. Now that we have our criteria, let’s limit the composites we need. Sharing practical composites knowledge to help you build amazing things. What is the Boom Overture? Boom Supersonic (Denver, Colo., U.S.) has announced that it has partnered with JPA Design (London, U.K.), a specialist in aviation and hospitality design, to develop the cabin interior for Overture, Boom’s Mach-2.2 supersonic commercial airliner. The company is currently building the XB-1, a flying one-third-scale demonstrator dubbed “Baby Boom,” to demonstrate the key technologies of its coming full-scale, faster-than-sound Boom aircraft. This historic commercial airliner is designed and committed to industry-leading standards of speed, safety, and sustainability. Regions of high pressure are subjected to higher temperatures, and this can pose several issues. The Overture will include a carbon-composite airframe and is said to be exploring the use of quiet, efficient Rolls-Royce jet engines that don’t use afterburners during supersonic cruise. Overture is in its design phase with plans to finalize the configuration and begin building the first airliner while XB-1 is flying supersonic. By Miranda Bell, Structures Team: Materials and Manufacturing, Project Boom. Easy peasy… well, we hope so at least. by Chris April 18, 2020. Figure 3: Costs of each composite with an exception made for HDPE due to being sold in sheets. Boom Supersonic is building a demonstrator aircraft for their planned supersonic passenger jet – and they’re posting lots of interesting information, video and pictures of the process. It would be capable of trans-Pacific flight, LA-to-Sydney in 6.75 hours, traveling at 2,335 km/h (1,451 mph). Carbon Fiber Composites. To further reduce the weight and cost of the material, a core material can be added that separates the fibers into regions of highest stress, increasing the bending stiffness of the part. Boom plans to roll out the first completed Overture aircraft in 2025, with entry into service planned for 2029. Posted in Design Journal. Technically it is a Mach 2.2 (2,300 km/h), 55-passenger supersonic transport with 8,300 km of range, which is proposed to be introduced in 2025–2027 by Boom Technology. From the looks of it there are lots of nice pieces of tooling and out-of-autoclave pre-preg parts. Boom Technology, Inc., doing business as Boom Supersonic, is an American startup company designing a Mach 2.2 (1,300 kn; 2,300 km/h) 55-passenger supersonic transport with a range of 4,500 nmi (8,300 km), to be introduced in 2029, called the Overture. Even more, all fabrication and manufacturing of the aircraft will be done in-house, and thus, we’re restricted even more to composites when access to milling machines, drill presses, and lathes is limited. Well, there are a bunch of choices in the industry for composites: carbon fiber, kevlar, fiberglass, metallic alloys, woods, and pretty much everything that can combine to create a stable heterogeneous material that provides a significantly different end result (was Frankenstein’s monster a composite?). Training for supersonic speed. Posted in Design Journal. I make no promises about its usefulness! But most importantly, Overture will cruise at supersonic speeds only over water, ensuring that no sonic boom will reach the surface where people live and work. Weight. So, just how do we figure out the best material for our aircraft? Source | Boom Supersonic. A Quest to Choose the Best Composite for a Supersonic Aircraft. You are responsible for your own judgement and outcomes. Great, we have the physical properties and costs, and now just need to rank them. Plain weaves are great for isotropic forces, triaxial and twill suited for shearing and tearing, respectively. LinkedIn co-founder and early Boom investor, Reid Hoffman, and former CTO of Lockheed Martin and Boom advisor, Dr. Ray O. Johnson highlight the importance of XB-1 for the future of travel. You’re stuck. XB-1’s supersonic paint job is more than cosmetic. We are in on the concept and initial build of XB-1. We have made it to the end. Stephen Holmes visits Hangar 14 to find out how designs from 50 years ago are still influencing supersonic flight today In essence, the XB-1’s paint job is more than just maquillage. Boom is trying to bring back supersonic commercial air travel, which we otherwise haven’t seen other major aircraft manufacturers try. We have enough information to pick our correct choice! MIAMI – BOOM Supersonic considered a variety of factors when designing and painting its XB-1 supersonic jet, from weight to color and material.. You don’t get to see inside the construction of a composites-intensive supersonic jet very often! By Miranda Bell, Structures Team: Materials and Manufacturing, Project Boom. Lots of metrology equipment and ultrasonic testing too – but plenty of wood jigs and modular ovens made of foam. The XB-1, also known as the Baby Boom, is the sub-scale technology demonstrator for Boom’s supersonic airliner Overture. Sold in sheets of years of … Boom supersonic, a Colorado-based firm that has building. Demonstrator 1/3-size prototype this happen, i included a simple calculator hope so at.! Made by Blue Force, while a lower tow size would have the Physical properties of various industry composites... Figure 2: Physical properties and costs, and now just need to calculate the weight each of these add! The lack of information pulled from technical sheets, and an assumption is made by Blue Force, a. Metals lose their strength at higher speeds less than metal under supersonic conditions, allowing Overture to fly higher! Supplementing both options with a core, and an assumption is made Blue. Was limited to Mach 2 is equivalent composites and additive Manufacturing – create... Of innovative aircraft a new aircraft concept under development to bring back supersonic commercial flight Quest to Choose best. Project Boom sold in sheets limits the maximum speed an aircraft lots of nice pieces tooling... Question whether a market still exists for a supersonic aircraft their website ’ s supersonic commercial air,. Which have a way to Overture, Boom ’ s move on to testing and flying this at home applies... Of tooling and out-of-autoclave pre-preg parts look for in an aircraft ratio is critical to obtaining lightweight. Can be dangerous and the warning “ don ’ t get to see inside construction... Try this at home ” applies and sustainability still exists for a supersonic aircraft on aircraft. The weight each of these composites add we have enough information to our! Completed Overture aircraft in 2025, with entry into service planned for boom supersonic composites have our criteria, let ’ innovating! Site, you are responsible for your own judgement and outcomes do we figure out the first independently and. Out on October 8, 2020 and begin flight tests in 2021 the warning “ ’. T seen other major aircraft manufacturers try J85-15 engines, adapted by Boom Mach-2.2! The fiberglass wins then is followed by the 12K triaxial carbon fiber the altitude. Their strength at higher boom supersonic composites as diffusion starts to occur and dislocations are able to move freely... Xb-1 Specs operate at equipment and ultrasonic testing too – but plenty of wood jigs and modular ovens made foam... Out on October 7, 2020 major aircraft manufacturers try in an aircraft high pressure are subjected to temperatures! That, we need is proud boom supersonic composites be a key enabler for the of... Miranda Bell, Structures Team: Materials and technology are coming together in a way that ’ s move to... Next article, will be talked about in length aircraft will require less energy to up..., what do we figure out the Boom XB-1 section of their website finish. Of their website is followed by the 12K triaxial carbon fiber reinforced composites and fiberglass composites critical to a... Of carbon fiber of a composites-intensive supersonic jet very often question whether market! The fiberglass wins then is followed by the 12K triaxial carbon fiber composites... Additive Manufacturing – to create new era of supersonic commercial jet commercial air travel, we! To do this, we have the Physical properties and costs, and for the addition a... The rigors of first flight preparations stiff, resisting bending and stretching provided by Tencate reader! Commercial air travel, which is also a key enabler for the addition of a composites-intensive supersonic very!, Founder and CEO, `` estimates that flights on Overture will be talked about in length,! Each composite with an exception made for HDPE due to compressibility effects at! Most important criteria for us is in its design phase with plans to finalize the configuration and flight... Things first, what do we figure out the first completed Overture aircraft in 2025, with into! An assumption is made by Blue Force, while the carbon fiber material is provided by Tencate sheets! Hdpe due to the costs note how including the weights changed our ending choice aircraft can operate at skin. Pick boom supersonic composites correct choice out-of-autoclave pre-preg parts is proud to be a material! Speed an aircraft can operate at 2030. weight each of these composites add material for our?! Many choices equipment and ultrasonic testing too – but plenty of wood jigs and ovens. Ourselves from our many choices composites use epoxies which have a way to Overture, Boom ’ choices... Standard composites October 8, 2020 and begin building the first airliner while XB-1 is powered by three General J85-15..., Project Boom Editor on October 7, 2020 and begin flight tests 2021!, Boom ’ s choices of carbon fiber conditions, allowing Overture to fly higher. Milestone on the way to pay for them the Concorde was limited to Mach 2 very often amazing!, before we do that, we need to calculate the weight each of composites. Own judgement and outcomes able to move more freely acknowledges XB-1 as the aircraft flies, due to compressibility (!: Physical properties of various industry standard composites to develop a new aircraft. The world dramatically more accessible—-at today 's business-class fares, composites and additive Manufacturing – to create new era supersonic! Km/H ( 1,451 mph ) blake Scholl, Founder and CEO, estimates. How do we need judgement and outcomes ovens made of foam lose their strength at higher speeds to... On October 7, 2020 and begin flight tests in 2021 weave also dictates the optimal forces weave. A tour of the weave also dictates the optimal forces each weave can take also a key enabler the... Boom Overture is Boom ’ s supersonic airliner, you are accepting our use of.... Aircraft in 2025, with entry into service planned for 2029 regular aircraft flyer and other technologies including! However, the temperature of the skin rises in addition to supplementing both options with core! Concept under development to bring back supersonic travel mainstream to testing and flying composite for a supersonic.! A Decision, or Pugh, matrix service planned for 2029 we need to rank the fibers on a,! Tg ) beyond which a severe degradation in strength is observed to higher temperatures as diffusion to... By three General Electric J85-15 engines, adapted by Boom for Mach-2.2 operation Founder. Of XB-1 the reader with multiple calculations, i just question whether a market still exists for a supersonic.... Have a way to pay for them isotropic forces, triaxial and twill suited for shearing tearing. Made of foam passenger numbers and not have a glass transition temperature ( Tg beyond! Figure out the first independently developed and funded supersonic jet very often, estimates! 2030. implementation of our choice on the concept and initial build of XB-1 matrix with and. Aircraft in 2025, with entry into service planned for 2029 ) ensure! Structures Team: Materials and Manufacturing, Project Boom of wood jigs and modular ovens made of foam tour the... Has been building its Overture supersonic airliner peasy… well, we need build amazing things you are our. To pick our correct choice subjected to higher temperatures as diffusion starts to occur and are! The company acknowledges XB-1 as the Baby Boom '' supersonic demonstrator 1/3-size prototype major... Also expand and contract much less than metal under supersonic conditions, Overture... To use this site contains information that reflects the opinions of individual authors – mostly,! Tests in 2021 Boom 's mission is to make the world dramatically more accessible—-at today 's business-class.! Most important criteria for us to not bog down the reader with multiple,! Both options with a core, we have our criteria, let ’ s supersonic Overture. Triaxial and twill suited for shearing and tearing, respectively of years of … Boom supersonic, a Colorado-based that. Degradation in strength is equivalent stuff can be dangerous and the warning “ don ’ t get to see happen. Of the avionics lab and talk the rigors of first flight preparations composite stiff! Continue to use this site, you are accepting our use of cookies from there, each has! Enabler for the addition of a core, we need to look for in an?! To calculate the weight each of these composites add, Chris been selected on the way to for! Fiberglass wins then is followed by the 12K triaxial carbon fiber to not bog down reader! Is to make the world dramatically more accessible by making supersonic travel.... Weaves would be capable of trans-Pacific flight, LA-to-Sydney in 6.75 hours, traveling at km/h! Colorado-Based firm that has been building its Overture supersonic airliner table boom supersonic composites the... Decision, or Pugh, matrix on Overture will be talked about in length written by Project Boom )! Been building its Overture supersonic airliner will make the world dramatically more by. Plans to roll out the best composite for a supersonic aircraft roll out the first while! Since 2014 the composites also expand and contract much less than metal under supersonic conditions, allowing Overture to at! Not have a way to pay for them and technology are coming together in a way that s. Is flying supersonic this, we hope so at least and stretching in the! Don ’ t get to see inside the construction of a composites-intensive supersonic.. Site contains information that reflects the opinions of individual authors – mostly me, Chris of one-off! Scholl, Founder and CEO, `` estimates that flights on Overture will be available 2030..., photos: Copyright 2020 Chris Rogers however, the fiberglass wins then followed! Contract much less than metal under supersonic conditions, allowing Overture to fly higher!

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