former secretary of defense

This position corresponds to what is generally known as a defense minister in many other countries. We have an extended conversation with former defense secretary William Cohen about the presidency, military and how to strengthen American democracy. Some of those high-ranking officials, civil and military (outside of OSD and the Joint Staff) are: the secretary of the Army, secretary of the Navy, and secretary of the Air Force, Army chief of staff, commandant of the Marine Corps, chief of naval operations, Air Force chief of staff, chief of space operations, and chief of the National Guard Bureau and the combatant commanders of the Combatant Commands. He explained why he thought Trump should step down. By Nick Visser Every living former secretary of defense, including two who served under President Donald Trump, signed an extraordinary rebuke of efforts to undermine the results of the 2020 election as the White House and many congressional Republicans prepare to contest the certification of the Electoral College vote on Wednesday. North Andover, MA. The last major revision of the statutory framework concerning the position was done in the Goldwater–Nichols Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1986. The secretary's principally civilian staff element is called the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) and is composed of the deputy secretary of defense (DEPSECDEF) and five under secretaries of defense in the fields of acquisition, technology & logistics, comptroller/chief financial officer, intelligence, personnel & readiness, and policy; several assistant secretaries of defense; other directors and the staffs under them. The latest version, signed by former secretary of defense Robert Gates in December 2010, is the first major re-write since 1987.[27][28]. While the approval authority for DSSM, DMSM, JSCM, JSAM and JMUA is delegated to inferior DoD officials: the DDSM can only be awarded by the secretary of defense. For the DoD intelligence programs the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence and the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence have the principal oversight role. Prior to assuming the Texas A&M presidency, on August 1, 2002, he served as Interim Dean of the George Bush School of Government and Public Service at Texas A&M from 1999 to 2001. (This is not counting deputy secretaries of defense William P. Clements and William Howard Taft IV, who each served a few weeks as temporary/acting secretary of defense). Described as "a Republican moderate from Maine, something of a maverick centrist" by David … The secretary of defense (SecDef) is the leader and chief executive officer of the United States Department of Defense, the executive department of the Armed Forces of the U.S.[5][6][7] The secretary of defense's position of command and authority over the U.S. military is second only to that of the president. The second-longest unbroken tenure was Caspar Weinberger's, at 6 years, 306 days. The position of the deputy secretary of defense, the number two position in the department, was also created at this time. Defenselink bio, Retrieved February 8, 2010; and Marshall Foundation bio, Retrieved February 8, 2010. It renamed the Department of War the Department of the Army, and added both it and the Department of the Navy to a newly established National Military Establishment (NME). The order of succession is:[67], Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation, Director of Operational Test and Evaluation, Chief Information Officer of the Department of Defense. Others include two former deputy Secretaries of Defense, two former Army Secretaries, three former Navy Secretaries, and five former Air Force Secretaries. [66], On December 10, 2020, President Donald Trump modified the order of succession for the office of Secretary of Defense in an Executive Order (unnumbered as of December 15, 2020). [30] As one of the principals, the secretary along with the vice president, secretary of state and the assistant to the president for national security affairs participates in biweekly Principals Committee (PC) meetings, preparing and coordinating issues before they are brought before full NSC sessions chaired by the president. It is hereby expressed as the sense of the Congress that after General Marshall leaves the office of Secretary of Defense, no additional appointments of military men to that office shall be approved. The general trend since 1949 has been to further centralize management in the Department of Defense, elevating the status and authorities of civilian OSD appointees and defense-wide organizations at the expense of the military departments and the services within them. The Department of Defense is composed of the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD), the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) and the Joint Staff (JS), Office of the Inspector General (DODIG), the Combatant Commands, the Military Departments (Department of the Army (DA), Department of the Navy (DON) & Department of the Air Force (DAF)), the Defense Agencies and DoD Field Activities, the National Guard Bureau (NGB), and such other offices, agencies, activities, organizations, and commands established or designated by law, or by the president or by the secretary of defense. The Defense Distinguished Service Medal (DDSM), the Defense Superior Service Medal (DSSM), the Defense Meritorious Service Medal (DMSM), the Joint Service Commendation Medal (JSCM) and the Joint Service Achievement Medal (JSAM) are awarded, to military personnel for service in joint duty assignments, in the name of the secretary of defense. An Army, Navy, and Marine Corps were established in 1775, in concurrence with the American Revolution. The resulting National Security Act of 1947 was largely a compromise between these divergent viewpoints. Secretary of Defense is a Level I position of the Executive Schedule,[4] and thus earns a salary of $210,700 per year as of January 2018. Secretary Gates has been awarded the National Security Medal, the Presidential Citizens Medal, has twice received the National Intelligence Distinguished Service Medal, and has three times received CIA's highest award, the Distinguished Intelligence Medal. [20], The secretary of the treasury, the secretary of state, the attorney general, and the secretary of defense are generally regarded as the four most important cabinet officials because of the size and importance of their respective departments. [22] The current acting secretary of defense is David Norquist, who assumed acting status following the inauguration of Joe Biden.[23]. [10] To ensure civilian control of the military, no one may be appointed as the secretary of defense within seven years of serving as a commissioned officer of a regular (i.e., non-reserve) component of an armed force. Former Secretaries of Defense Ashton Carter, Dick Cheney, William Cohen, Robert Gates, Chuck Hagel, Leon Panetta, William Perry, and Donald Rumsfeld, signed the opinion piece. Mr. Christopher C. Miller served as the Acting Secretary of Defense, from Nov. 9, 2020, until Jan. 20, 2021.Earlier in 2020, he Performed the Duties of the Assistant Secretary of Defense … Department of Defense Test Resource Management Center, This page was last edited on 22 January 2021, at 00:20. As the secretary of defense is a cilivian position intended to independent of the active duty leadership, a secretary is required to have been retired from service for at least seven (originally ten) years, unless a waiver is approved by Congress. Department of Defense Directive 5100.01 describes the organizational relationships within the Department, and is the foundational issuance for delineating the major functions of the Department. All of these high-ranking positions, civil and military, require Senate confirmation. Bush Administration", Department of Defense Key Officials September 1947 – February 2019, "Les Aspin Serves One Year As Defense Secretary", "Leslie Aspin – William J. Clinton Administration", "William J. Perry – William J. Clinton Administration", "William S. Cohen – William J. Clinton Administration", "Donald H. Rumsfeld – George W. Bush Administration", "Robert M. Gates – George W. Bush / Barack Obama Administration", "Leon E. Panetta – Barack Obama Administration", "Chuck Hagel – Barack Obama Administration", "Ashton B. Carter – Barack Obama Administration", "James N. Mattis – Donald Trump Administration", "PN583 — Patrick M. Shanahan — Department of Defense", "Dr. Mark T. Esper – Acting Secretary of Defense", "Letter from Acting Secretary of Defense Richard V. Spencer to Pentagon", "Trump administration official Norquist sworn in as acting Pentagon chief", "Executive Order on Providing an Order of Succession within the Department of Defense", The Judge Advocate General's School, U.S. Army, "Evolution of the Secretary of Defense in the Era of Massive Retaliation: Charles Wilson, Neil McElroy, and Thomas Gates, 1953–1961", In My Time: A Personal and Political Memoir, "Department of Defense Directive 5100.01 Functions of the Department of Defense and Its Major Components", Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Special Access Program Oversight Committee, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Defense Equal Opportunity Management Institute, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency, National Security Agency/Central Security Service, Assistant Secretary of Defense for Public Affairs, American Forces Radio and Television Service, Assistant Secretary for Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology, Assistant Secretary (Financial Management and Comptroller), Assistant Secretary of the Army for Installations, Energy and Environment, Assistant Secretary of the Army for Manpower and Reserve Affairs, Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Financial Management and Comptroller), Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Installations and Environment), Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Manpower and Reserve Affairs), Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Research, Development and Acquisitions), Organization of the United States Marine Corps, Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Acquisition), Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Financial Management & Comptroller), Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Installations, Environment & Logistics), Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Manpower & Reserve Affairs), General Counsel of the Department of the Air Force, Air Force Office of Special Investigations, Alternate National Military Command Center, Joint Intelligence Operations Center Europe Analytic Center, Joint Functional Component Command for Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance, Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence, United States federal executive departments, Presidential line of succession in the United States of America, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=United_States_Secretary_of_Defense&oldid=1001921736, Lists of members of the Cabinet of the United States, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 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